Prostatitis is an unpleasant urological disease, the probability of which in men increases in direct proportion to age.
According to medical statistics, nearly half of the male population over the age of 50 suffers from some form of prostatitis.
The sooner the correct treatment of prostatitis is diagnosed and prescribed, the more complete and faster the recovery will be.
Definition and causes of prostatitis
Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the male prostate, which is a small, very specific glandular organ located near the urethra and bladder.The main functions of the prostate are to control a man's urination and produce a secret that is part of the semen. Issues of prostatitis and treatment have been dealt with in past centuries.
Depending on the causes of the disease, acute prostatitis, chronic nonbacterial prostatitis and chronic infectious prostatitis are distinguished. According to the different forms of the disease, various treatment methods will be prescribed for various types of prostatitis.
Acute prostatitis usually occurs in young men and is most often infectious. From the urethra, the infection enters a man's prostate through blood vessels or through the lymphatic system, where an acute inflammatory process develops. If at this time you do not consult a doctor and do not treat the disease, then in a short time it will already be chronic, in which there is a violation of the structure, functions of tissues and cells of the prostate, which can lead to irreversible consequences.
Inflammatory processes of the prostate can cause and maintain long and non-infectious factors. The main place among them is occupied by the chronic spasm of the urethra, leading to the involuntary reflux of urine into the prostate, causing inflammation of the latter.
There are many reasons for this disease, some of them should be mentioned:
- all types of sexually transmitted infections: ureaplasma, herpes, E. coli, chlamydia, cytomegalovirus, Trichomonas, etc. ;
- low quality sex life: insufficient and artificial prolongation of sexual intercourse, etc. ;
- congestion in a man's pelvic organs and prostate;
- overweight, inactive lifestyle;
- stressful situations, various overloads;
- immune system failure;
- general hypothermia of the body;
- hormonal imbalance;
- lack of essential trace elements and vitamins in a man's body;
- drinking and smoking, etc.
Quick and effective treatment of prostatitis can only be provided by an experienced urologist. Strictly speaking, both chronic and acute prostatitis can appear at any age. In older men, chronic inflammation of the prostate is more common.
Symptoms in the treatment of prostatitis in men, diagnostic methods
Symptoms of acute and chronic inflammation of the prostate in men manifest a little differently. The acute phase of the disease is characterized by local and general symptoms:
- General malaise.
- High body temperature - up to 40 degrees.
- Chills, fever.
- Frequent urge to urinate, pain during the process itself.
- A weak stream of urine or its complete absence, tk. the prostate can compress the urethra.
- Sharp pain in the perineum of varying intensity, in the inguinal regions, in the lower abdomen - depending on the location of the focus of inflammation in the prostate in relation to the rectum, bladder neck, urethra.
- The erection mechanism is temporarily disturbed, the general decrease in potency.
- There is a complex mental state of a man.
Only after the symptoms of acute prostatitis are accurately established, the urologist can prescribe the correct course of treatment for prostatitis.
Chronic prostatitis does not have symptoms as severe as its acute form. Most often, it is characterized by the absence of obvious symptoms or has a mild course, mostly of a local nature. This may include:
- Drawing, slight pain in the perineum and adjacent areas.
- The pain can be made worse by intercourse, urination and defecation.
- Frequent urge to go to the bathroom, constant feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
- Certain discomfort during intercourse.
- Decreased sexual function and, as a result, impotence.
In the case of adverse factors, an exacerbation of the disease can occur with all the resulting consequences. With the spread of the inflammatory process in breadth, other organs adjacent to the prostate are also involved in it: the epididymis, seminal vesicles, urethra, etc. , the clinical picture of the disease becomes diverse.
In order to choose the right course and method of treatment for prostatitis of various etiologies, it is necessary to carry out a detailed diagnosis of the disease and make a correct diagnosis. Currently, in the arsenal of doctors are several methods to detect this disease. These mainly include:
- digital examination of the prostate;
- analysis of prostatic secretion;
- bacteriological analysis of urine;
- general blood analysis;
- Ultrasound of Organs pelvic organs and prostate;
- magnetic nuclear tomography;
- computed tomography, etc.
Modern diagnosis allows not only to determine the presence of a disease in the male body, but also to establish the cause of its occurrence and its form.
General postulates of the treatment of prostatitis
After establishing an accurate diagnosis, the urologist devises a comprehensive individual program for the treatment of the disease for each patient, using modern methods of treating prostatitis. It should be noted that chronic chronic prostatitis cannot be completely cured, but every effort can be made to prolong the remission state of the disease for many years. Treatment of prostatitis in the acute form, if all the recommendations of the doctor are followed, leads to a complete recovery of the patient.
Comprehensive treatment for various types of prostatitis may include different combinations of the following methods:
- immunocorrective therapy;
- antibiotic therapy;
- hormone therapy;
- various physical therapy;
- prostate massage;
- Lifestyle changes;
- surgery, etc.
Treatment for bacterial prostatitis will be different from nonbacterial prostatitis. In the first case, it is necessary to take a course on the use of antibiotics from the fluoroquinolone group and, in the second, a course on anti-inflammatories. The treatment of chronic prostatitis of a bacterial nature will consist of the use of antibiotic therapy in conjunction with beta-blockers. Along with the treatment of the underlying disease, symptomatic drugs, for example, antipyretics and analgesics, are often necessary. Severe forms of prostatitis are treated with the use of hormone therapy, but under the constant supervision of a doctor, being stationary.
Only an integrated approach to treatment can lead to a good permanent result. Now, each of these prostatitis treatment areas should be discussed more fully and specifically.
Antibacterial and hormonal therapy for prostatitis
As mentioned above, most often prostatitis is infectious in nature. In this regard, the passage of a course of antibiotic therapy in the treatment of prostatitis is indicated for each patient, with the course of both acute and chronic nature of the disease. Taking antibiotics can eliminate the main cause of inflammation. The following groups of drugs have been shown to be effective in treatment:
Alpha-blockers are actively used in the treatment of prostatitis, aimed at relieving spasms of Organs pelvic organs, due to which the swelling of the prostate is removed and the reflux of secretions to this organ is stopped. As a result, there is a decrease in inflammation in the organ itself. It is important to take medication for a long time - up to 8 months.
At the same time, to improve the patient's well-being, it is necessary to take antispasmodics and analgesics. It is shown as an aid for the treatment of prostatitis with folk remedies: various preparations of sedative herbs, dill seeds, motherwort, valerian, etc. Micro-cleavers from a decoction of lemon balm or chamomile are suitable for these purposes.
It is important to undergo antibiotic therapy under the guidance of a specialist, self-medication in this case is unacceptable. It can make the situation worse. Treatment of prostatitis with antibiotics requires complete exclusion of alcohol.
It is known that the development and function of the prostate depend directly on hormones: estrogens and androgens. Therefore, the treatment of prostatitis can include the use of hormonal drugs, which will reduce the volume of the prostate and reduce the inflammatory process in it.
Phytotherapy and prostate massage
An important and integral part of treating prostatitis is the use of direct prostate massage. The therapeutic effect of this massage is as follows:
- normalizes the muscle tone of the prostate;
- improves blood supply to the prostate;
- enhances the action of antibiotics;
- restores the function of the ducts, etc.
This procedure should be entrusted only by a professional doctor in a specialized clinic.
The essence of the procedure in the treatment of prostatitis is as follows: the patient, with his legs shoulder-width apart, leans forward and tries to relax. The specialist, spreading the patient's buttocks with one hand, gently inserts the index finger of the other hand into the rectum and massages the prostate for a minute, applying pressure and stroking. An effective massage should consist of discharging a few drops of secretion into the ducts. The prostate massage procedure is painful, but for the treatment of prostatitis it is simply irreplaceable. However, prostate massage has some contraindications:
- prostate cancer;
- prostate stones and some others.
Phytotherapy in the treatment of prostatitis in men is an auxiliary method that has a beneficial effect on the final result. The essence of herbal medicine in the treatment of prostatitis is the external and internal use of infusions, juices, decoctions of medicinal plants, for example: calamus, St. This method has no negative side effects and negative effects on other organs.
Immunocorrection, physical therapy and other treatment methods for prostatitis
Restorative therapy and immunocorrection aim to restore the body as a whole, strengthen the immune system and prevent the manifestation of prostatitis in the future. The doctor prescribes the intake of the necessary multivitamins, minerals and other substances that increase immunity, especially in chronic diseases.
Physiotherapeutic methods for the treatment of prostatitis should include actions aimed at activating blood circulation in Organs pelvic organs to potentiate the effect of antibiotic therapy. These include:
- laser therapy;
- impulse currents, etc.
At home, you can replace physical therapy with warm microclysters from decoctions of medicinal herbs.
Currently, many alternative methods are used for prostatitis and treatment, which significantly expands the possibilities of modern medicine and reduces recovery time. For example, hirudotherapy eliminates blood stasis in Organs pelvic organs, improves blood circulation and tissue nutrition. A course of neuromodulatory therapy will effectively stop the patient's pain syndrome.
In the treatment of prostatitis, a healthy lifestyle course must be followed flawlessly. So that the disease does not return after treatment of the acute form of prostatitis, or the remission stage does not end with chronic prostatitis, it is necessary to make significant adjustments in your life, to remove all the factors that provoke this unpleasant disease. Due attention should be given to regular walks, good sleep, absence of stressful situations, proper nutrition, smoking and alcohol exclusion, etc.
One of the treatment methods is surgery, which includes:
- radical prostatectomy;
- in the seminal vesicles;
- urethral stricture;
- in the neck of the bladder, etc.
It should be noted right away that this radical method is used very rarely and is not effective. Surgery is prescribed when prostatitis is treated in an old way, with complications developed. Such treatment for prostatitis is used in the case where conservative therapy has not brought a significant result.
After the treatment of prostatitis, the doctor should prescribe control tests, on the basis of which appropriate conclusions can be drawn.
Treatment with folk methods and prevention of prostatitis
If the symptoms of this disease appear, you should consult a doctor and follow all his recommendations. Treatment of various types of prostatitis with folk methods can only serve as an excellent addition to basic medical measures. For many years, enough experience has been accumulated to get rid of this disease, everyone can always choose an acceptable option for themselves. The main conditions for the effective treatment of the disease, especially its chronic form, are the regular use of high-quality ingredients in accordance with the specified recipe.
You can consider several effective recipes designed to fight prostatitis:
- Propolis (200 g of any sunflower oil and 30 g of propolis are heated in a water bath and the perineum is lubricated with it for 2 weeks).
- Honey (as part of the juice of various medicinal plants, it is taken orally 2 times a day, 2 tablespoons).
- Pumpkin Seeds (Pumpkin Seed Powder is taken 2 tablespoons before meals 2 times a day).
Prevention after complex treatment of prostatitis can be considered not only adequate nutrition, an active lifestyle, but also regular protected sex.
Thus, the treatment of prostatitis in various ways is always a whole complex of sequential measures. Only with a clear implementation of all the instructions of a specialist can you get the desired result and get rid of this unpleasant disease.